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HP - Haptoglobin; As a result of hemolysis, hemoglobin is found to accumulate in the kidney and is secreted in the urine. Haptoglobin captures, and combines with free plasma hemoglobin to allow hepatic recycling of heme iron and to prevent kidney damage. Haptoglobin also acts as an Antimicrobial; Antioxidant, has antibacterial activity and plays a role in modulating many aspects of the acute phase response. Hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes are rapidely cleared by the macrophage CD163 scavenger receptor expressed on the surface of liver Kupfer cells through an endocytic lysosomal degradation [...]
[a.k.a. HPR, HP-016, ENST00000569639,
HPR - Haptoglobin-related protein; Primate-specific plasma protein associated with apolipoprotein L-I (apoL-I)-containing high-density lipoprotein (HDL). This HDL particle, termed trypanosome lytic factor-1 (TLF- 1), mediates human innate immune protection against many species of African trypanosomes. Binds hemoglobin with high affinity and may contribute to the clearance of cell-free hemoglobin to allow hepatic recycling of heme iron; Sushi domain containing
[a.k.a. XM_006721186.1, Q9ULB0, UPI000034ECF8,
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SIB - Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics
CPR - Novo Nordisk Foundation Center Protein Research
EMBL - European Molecular Biology Laboratory
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